Zambia only just over a decade ago had their debts written off by the IMF and the World Bank. However, the public debt in the country has increased significantly in the recent years, and concerns over a possible crisis have been aired. Some are blaming unsustainable Chinese loans and say that China is pursuing debt-trap diplomacy with the aim of taking over Zambia's strategic assets. Is China really the one to blame for the country's debt problems? And what role do IMF and the World Bank have in this regard?